Mosquito - the Deadliest Animal in the World

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Causing more than 2 million deaths every year, the deadliest animal in the world is mosquito.

This little irritating flying creature is a nuisance that bites. It carries harmful and even fatal illnesses and considered to be public enemy number one in the fight against global infectious disease. According to National Geographic:

“Mosquitoes use exhaled carbon dioxide, body odors and temperature, and movement to home in on their victims. Only female mosquitoes have the mouth parts necessary for sucking blood. When biting with their proboscis, they stab two tubes into the skin: one to inject an enzyme that inhibits blood clotting; the other to suck blood into their bodies. They use the blood not for their own nourishment but as a source of protein for their eggs. For food, both males and females eat nectar and other plant sugars.
They transmit disease in a variety of ways. In the case of malaria, parasites attach themselves to the gut of a female mosquito and enter a host as she feeds. In other cases, such as yellow fever and dengue, a virus enters the mosquito as it feeds on an infected human and is transmitted via the mosquito’s saliva to a subsequent victim."